Opioids are the medicines which are used as pain killers.
These medicines are morphin, opium, codeine, fentanyl, heroin, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, metadone, oxycodone, oxymorphone, paregoric, sufentanil, tramadol etc. They are also known as opiates.
These medicines are medically used to get relief from pain but when a person gets habitual of taking these medicines and they have a strong urge to take them every time even in slight pain resulting in opioid addiction. Usually people do not realize that they are going on the addiction path. But it is very important to know that what amount of medicine is prescribed to you and what amount is sufficient for intake. If there is a constant urge of taking more of those medicines then the problem arises. This problem is mainly behavioral, and has to be recognized at early stage to rectify it. Addiction to anything is bad, hence it has to be controlled by one own self.
There are different ways of fighting opioid addiction, but first the addict should be convinced and strong to give up this addiction. The pain killer medicines or opioid carry some antidepressive, anxiolytic and antipsychotic characters, therefore the patient may start self medication or drug abuse. Withdrawal can be done from this addiction; the symptoms of withdrawal could be agitation, insomnia, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. These opiates my depress the breathing process and can also cause constipation.
It is very easy to fall into any kind of addiction but it becomes very hard to give it up. The opioid addiction can be identified by the patient itself and then with the help of the family and the medication it can be cured. Detoxification of the body can be done once the addict decides to correct this problem. To give up any addiction the support of the family and loved ones is the most important aspect. The addict might feel weak at some point but when his will power falls short, family should be there to comfort and support.
At the time of the withdrawal there occurs some symptoms in the addicts, which are agitation, anxiety, tremors, and muscle aches. It is very easy and seems reasonable to quit the withdrawal at this point of time but it is very necessary to get control of the lives and make one self firm on completing the process. In some detoxification processes there is a requirement of daily medication which may control the opioid addiction. This may be hard for some patient to continue with the medication.
To look to the brighter side that there are cures for this addiction, if the problem is recognized well in time and proper emotional as well as medical help is given on time.